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Category Archives: Miami River Wildlife

Amphibians and Reptiles of Miami River

Pacific Chorus frog

Western Toad

Red-legged Frog

Green Frog

Northwestern Salamander

Northwestern Alligator Lizard

Rubber Boa (at Hot Springs Source)

Northwestern Garter Snake

Photo: Green Frog

Mammals of the Miami river

Mule Deer

Mountain Lion (cougar)

Bobcat

Striped Skunk

Short-tailed Weasel

American Mink

Northern River Otter

Common Raccoon

Harbor Seal

Black Bear

Coyote

Black Rat

House Mouse

Vole sp.

Common Muskrat

American Beaver

Townsend’s Chipmunk

Eastern Grey Squirrel

Douglas’s Squirrel

Eastern Cottontail

Little Brown Myotis

Coast Mole

Trowbridge’s Shrew

The endanger Pacific Water Shrew is also present in the Miami but seldom seen.

Photo: Douglas Squirrel on Western Red Cedar trunk

Miami River Bird List

Species in Purple nested or brought young to feeder

  • Great Blue Heron

  • Turkey Vulture

  • Green Heron

  • Canada Goose 

  • Wood Duck

  • Green-winged Teal

  • Mallard

  • Blue-winged Teal

  • Cinnamon Teal

  • Northern Shoveler

  • Gadwall

  • American Wigeon

  • Lesser Scaup

  • Bufflehead

  • Hooded Merganser 

  • Common Merganser

  • Bald Eagle

  • Sharp-shinned Hawk

  • Cooper’s Hawk

  • Red-tailed Hawk

  • Merlin

  • Northern Bobwhite 

  • American Coot

  • Spotted Sandpiper

  • Killdeer

  • Greater Yellowlegs

  • Wilson’s Snipe

  • Band-tailed Pigeon

  • Mourning Dove

  • Eurasian Collared-Dove

  • Great Horned Owl

  • Barred Owl

  • Northern Saw-whet Owl

  • Common Nighthawk

  • Black Swift

  • Vaux’s Swift 

  • Rufous Hummingbird 

  • Belted Kingfisher

  • Northern Flicker

  • Pileated Woodpecker

  • Red-breasted Sapsucker

  • Downy Woodpecker

  • Hairy Woodpecker

  • Western Wood-Peewee

  • Willow Flycatcher

  • Warbling Vireo

  • Red-eyed  Vireo 

  • Steller’s Jay 

  • Common Raven 

  • Northwestern Crow 

  • Barn Swallow 

  • Violet-green Swallow

  • Tree Swallow

  • 103 species and counting

  • Black-capped Chickadee 

  • Chestnut-backed Chickadee

  • American Dipper

  • Bushtit 

  • Red-breasted Nuthatch

  • Brown Creeper

  • Pacific Wren

  • Bewick’s Wren

  • American Robin 

  • Varied Thrush

  • Townsend’s Solitaire

  • Swainson’s Thrush 

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet

  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet

  • European Starling 

  • Orange-crowned Warbler

  • Nashville Warbler

  • Yellow Warbler

  • Townsend’s Warbler

  • Black-throated Gray warbler

  • Yellow-rumped Warbler

  • American Redstart

  • MacGillivray’s Warbler

  • Wilson’s Warbler

  • Western Tanager

  • Black-headed Grosbeak 

  • Spotted Towhee

  • American Tree Sparrow

  • Chipping Sparrow

  • Savannah Sparrow

  • Fox Sparrow

  • Song Sparrow 

  • Lincoln’s Sparrow

  • White-throated Sparrow

  • Golden-crowned Sparrow

  • White-crowned Sparrow 

  • Dark-eyed Junco 

  • Red-winged Blackbird 

  • Yellow-headed Blackbird

  • Brewer’s Blackbird 

  • Brown-headed Cowbird

  • Northern Oriole (Bullock’s) 

  • Purple Finch

  • House Finch 

  • Common Redpoll

  • Hoary Redpoll

  • Pine Siskin

  • American Goldfinch

  • Evening Grosbeak

  • House Sparrow

Photo: Hairy Woodpecker

Northwestern Salamander

i Jan 13th No Comments by
Northwestern Salamander

Northwestern Salamander

The Northwestern Salamander is a stout, 5 1/2 to 8-inch long uniform dark brown to black, amphibian (cold-blooded animal that start life in water & later transform to a terrestrial form) with a oval tail flattened towards the end. It has strong , well-developed legs and prominent parotoid (swollen area behind eye). Salamanders are voiceless.

It is found mainly in south-western BC. Eggs are laid in February to May in jelly-like masses about the size of a elongated grapefruit. The larvae hatch in about a month and stay in the water about a year. Some metamorphose (change into adult form) in the second summer but others remain in the larval stage indefinitely (neoteny) and breed without gaining adult form.

In the aquatic form they eat voraciously preying on all other living things small enough to swallow. On land look for them under leave litter.

Western Toad

i Jan 11th No Comments by
Western Toad

Western Toad

The Western Toad (Anaxyrus boreas) (formerly Northwestern toad – Bufo boreas) is a stout, squat 2-5 inch amphibian of the west found from Alaska to northern California. It has shorter front than hind leg. The skin is rough with large warts. Colour is variable from dark brown to reddish brown background with lighter warts.

Adults congegrate in early Spring along margins of wetlands and lakes to spawn. The male calls with a high pitched note. The eggs are laid in long strings in shallow water. Jet-black tadpoles hatch in a few days and gather in large swarms. Growth is rapid and they exit water at 1/2 inch long to migrate to near by woods. Highway crossing prove dangerous and many toadlets are squashed.  Ryder Lake road is a well known hazard.

Adult toads wander considerable distance form water and can be found foraging at dusk for insects and other small creeping organisms.  At dawn they retire to damp holes and shaded spots.  Look for them along the Miami greenway riparian area.  Western Toads are a species of conservation concern.

Species of Conservation Concern

i Jan 9th 1 Comment by

This Page is Under Cnstruction

Species of Conservative Concern are those whose numbers and well-being is in question. Their status is assigned by various agencies including the  BC Ministry of Environment,  Canada’s Species at Risk Act(SARA)  and by the Committee on the status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. (COSEWIC)

Great Blue Heron

Peregrine Falcon

Bandtailed Pigeon

Lewis’s Woodpecker

Barn Swallow

Red-legged Frog

Western Toad

Oregon Forest Snail

Pacific Water Shrew

Salish Sucker

Links:

Fraser Valley Species at Risk

BC Species & Ecosystem Explorer

Miami River sampled from McCallum road to Harrison Lake. 2013

i Dec 20th No Comments by
Cutthroat Trout

Cutthroat Trout

The Miami River was sampled from McCallum road to Harrison Lake. Sampling occurred over two weeks in May and two weeks in July. Fish were trapped using ‘Feddes’ traps that were set overnight and baited with cat food. Traps were set approximately 150m apart extending almost the entire length of the Miami River.

Fish Species Count
Salish sucker 178
Coho (fry/smolt) 152
Chinook (fry/smolt) 19
Cutthroat trout 27
Rainbow Trout 4
Large Scale sucker 1
Northern Pikeminnow 127
Red-side shiner 1742
Prickly sculpin 6
Three-spine stickleback 651
Pumpkin seed 102
Fathead minnow 76
Brown bullhead 7
Red-legged frog 26
Rough-skinned newt 6
Northwestern Salamander 16
Green frog 13
Crayfish 20
 Total 3173

 

Fish and Amphibians of the Agassiz Slough and Miami River 2012

i Dec 20th No Comments by

Letter to the Editor Agassiz-Harrison-Hope Observer Summer 2012

Jill Miners, Agassiz

For the past four months I have had the opportunity to study the Agassiz Slough and Miami River watersheds as part of my Masters thesis at UBC. Part of my project is to estimate the population size of the endangered Salish sucker and also look at other fish presence and abundance. In Agassiz Slough I set traps from outside the dyke, all along Tuttyens road and along McDonald road. The Miami River was trapped from McCallum road to the floodgates.       In total I caught almost 800 fishes and 40 amphibians in Agassiz Slough and nearly 4000 fishes and 20 amphibians in Miami River, including juvenile salmon and adult trout. I identified about 20 different species in each watershed. The table below highlights some of the interesting species and abundance from each watershed. So next time you wander by or along your local watershed watch to see if you can see fish jumping.

Salish Sucker

Salish Sucker

 

Salish Sucker Agassiz Slough = 197
Miami River = 134
Coho and Chinook Salmon
fry and smolt
Agassiz Slough = 2 (last year I found 30)
Miami River = 632
Rainbow and Cutthroat Trout Agassiz Slough = 24
Miami River = 23
Large-scale Sucker Agassiz Slough = 6
Miami River = 14
 Red side shiner Agassiz Slough = 194
Miami River = 2175
Three-spine Stickleback Agassiz Slough = 246
Miami River = 708
 Roughskin Newt
and other amphibians
Agassiz Slough = 40
Miami River = 20
Coho Salmon

Coho Salmon